On September 10, Xi Jinping published a signed article entitled ‘Let China and Tajikistan Like an Eagle Spread Their Wings’ in the People’s Daily of Tajikistan and the ‘Horvar’ National News Agency.
The article said that over the past years, China-Tajikistan relations have shown good momentum of comprehensive and rapid development, and cooperation in various fields has advanced by leaps and bounds. Many new large-scale cooperation projects have been launched successively, the first phase of the China-Tower Highway has been completed, the first unit of the Dushanbe No. 2 Thermal Power Plant Phase I project has been connected to the grid for power generation, the construction of the China-Tower Mining and Smelting Industrial Park has started, and the China-Central Asia Natural Gas Pipeline Construction of the D section of Tajikistan and the second phase of Dushanbe No. 2 Thermal Power Plant are about to start. The relationship between China and Tajikistan has entered the fast track of comprehensive development.
Xi Jinping said that it has been 13 years since its establishment, the SCO has adhered to the foundation of security cooperation, the protection of economic and trade cooperation, and the motivation of people-to-people exchanges. It has taken substantial steps in responding to security threats and challenges, and has taken several pragmatic measures to continuously deepen economic and cultural cooperation. The SCO has established a regional anti-terrorism organization and signed the Shanghai Convention against ‘Three Forces’. So far, more than 10 joint anti-terrorism exercises have been held, which has effectively deterred regional terrorists. Xi Jinping said that the SCO’s three tasks of maintaining safety, promoting development, and improving people’s livelihood are more urgent. With a higher level of mutual trust, more effective cooperation, and closer integration of interests, it has become the consensus of all member states to enhance the organization’s ability to respond to threats and to consolidate the foundation for pragmatic cooperation and cultural cooperation. According to Xinhua News Agency
China-Central Asia Natural Gas Pipeline
◎Line A and B
Line A and B were basically laid in the same period. The starting point was on the border between Turkey and Uzbekistan on the right bank of the Amu Darya River. It passed through central Uzbekistan and southern Kazakhstan, and entered the Alashankou as the second west-to-east gas transmission line. With a total length of about 10,000 kilometers, it is the longest natural gas pipeline in the world. Line A was put into operation in December 2009, and line B was put into operation in October 2010. By June last year, the gas transmission capacity of the A and B lines had increased to 30 billion cubic meters per year. Turkmenistan’s natural gas enters China through this pipeline, and it travels all the way from Horgos, Xinjiang, to the east Shanghai and to the south Guangzhou.
Line C is mainly to ensure Uzbekistan’s natural gas exports to China, and the construction started in September 2012. It is laid in parallel with lines A and B. The total length of the line is 1830 kilometers, and the designed annual gas transmission capacity is 25 billion cubic meters per year. The line starts from Gdaym on the border between Turkey and Ukraine, passes through Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, and is in Horgos, Xinjiang, which entries at the port. On June 15 this year, Line C natural gas arrived at Horgos metering station. The Central Asian Natural Gas Pipeline C, which is connected to the Third West-East Gas Pipeline, will increase the overall capacity of the Central Asian Natural Gas Pipeline to 55 billion cubic meters per year.
It starts at the border between Turkey and Uzbekistan and passes through Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan. Unlike the first three routes, Line D no longer enters from Horgos, but enters from Wuqia, Xinjiang, at the junction of the southern foothills of the Tianshan Mountains and the Kunlun Mountains bordering Kyrgyzstan. This not only has special significance in the national energy security strategy, but also spurs infrastructure construction in southern Xinjiang. The designed gas transmission volume of line D is 30 billion cubic meters per year, which is connected to the fifth line of west-to-east gas transmission. After the line D is put into production, China will import 85 billion cubic meters of natural gas per year from Central Asia.